Table 3. 

Typical field data types and their digital alternatives

Field dataExampleMediaDigital alternative
Mapping on a field slip1:10 000 base mapPaper mapDrawing lines on digital base on PDA
MetadataDate, weather, locationPaper notebook Database on PDA
ObservationGrain size, texture, mineralogy, geometryPaper notebookDatabase entry PDA
LocalityGrid referencePaper notebookDatabase entry (GPS)
SketchesOutcrop interpretationPaper notebook or artbookDigital sketching on a photograph
PhotographOutcrop imageTransparency, printDigital photograph
Section loggingSedimentary logLogging sheetsA digital logging template on PDA