Table 2.

Burrowing speeds of modern invertebrates

OrganismBurrowing speed (cm3 h−1)Reference
MinimumMaximum
ABivalves0.510Gingras et al. (2008b)
BArthropods0.22Gingras et al. (2008b)
CEchinoderms0.055Gingras et al. (2008b)
DPolychaetes0.010.5Dafoe et al. (2008)