Table 1.

Vitrinite reflectance data for localities and coalfields across Great Britain

IDLocalityCoalfieldLat.Long.R0nSample siteInferred FmDepthSource
1Inninmore BayMorvern56°31'40.20″N5°40'17.61"W0.661Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.This study
2East TrodigalMachrihanish55°25'25.43"N5°42'49.32"W0.431Mine seam/spoilCMc. 300–400 mThis study
3High TirfergusMachrihanish55°24'08.64"N5°42'19.35"W0.381Mine seam/spoilCMc. 300–400 mThis study
4LongannetFifeshire56° 3'16.75"N3°41'51.46"W0.56n.g.Mine seam/spoilLCFc. 400 mBCURA (2002, appendix 25A)
5East FifeFifeshire56°10'25.01"N3° 1'32.80"W0.7017Onshore outcropCMc. 210–360 mRaymond & Murchison (1991); Marshall et al. (1994)
6WestfieldFifeshire56°10'17.57"N3°17'36.48"W0.3810Mine seam/spoilCMc. 200 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
7RigheadFifeshire56° 4'20.46"N3°38'41.63"W0.757BoreholeLCG, CM, CGc. 911 mRaymond & Murchison (1991)
8MusselburghEast Lothian55°56'57.60"N3° 1'49.62"W0.8030BoreholeLCG, CMc. 800 mRaymond & Murchison (1991)
9EskmouthEast Lothian55°56'54.23"N3° 1'39.20"W0.7750BoreholeLCM, MCM, LCFc. 1000 mVincent & Rowley (2004) 
10Firth of ForthMidlothian56° 9'8.69"N2°58'17.86"W0.7629BoreholeLCG, CMc. 544–963 mRaymond & Murchison (1991)
11GartloveMidlothian56° 6'39.59"N3°42'33.05"W0.6510BoreholeLCG, CM, CGc. 404–457 mRaymond & Murchison (1991)
12Tower 1Midlothian56° 4'27.75"N3° 8'52.84"W0.829BoreholeLCM, MCM, LCFc. 900 mVincent & Rowley (2004)
13Milton of BalgonieMidlothian56°11'44.81"N3° 7'19.83"W2.9018BoreholeLCM, MCM, LCFc. 700 mVincent & Rowley (2004)
14Watson HeadLanarkshire55°34'55.22"N3°50'51.27"W0.55n.g.Mine seam/spoilCG, CMc. 650–800 mDurucan et al. (2009)
15BlackrigLanarkshire55°46'23.21"N4°16'15.94"W0.701Onshore outcropCG, CMc. 100 mCloke et al. (1997)
16Cawdor CuiltLanarkshire55°54'29.58"N4°17'41.80"W0.759BoreholeLCG, CM, CGc. 2–306 mRaymond & Murchison (1991)
17UddingstonLanarkshire55°49'19.95"N4° 6'59.33"W0.531Mine seam/spoilCG, CMn.g.This study
18New CumnockAyrshire55°23'38.18"N4°12'22.25"W0.60n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 10–280 mD. Richardson (pers. comms.)
19ArranAyrshire55°42'29.00"N5°13'51.87"W2.731Mine seam/spoilCMc. 90 mThis study
20Ascog, ButeAyrshire55°48'44.12"N5° 1'21.32"W0.781Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.This study
21Kello WaterAyrshire55°22'36.32"N3°59'24.09"W0.571Mine seam/spoilCMc. 20 mThis study
22IngletonIngleton54°17'2.81"N2°30'30.25"W1.571Mine seam/spoilYGc. 70 mShelley (1967)
23Jenkin BeckIngleton54°08'37.46"N2°29'17.85"W0.41Mine seam/spoilYGc. 40–90 mThis study
24AlstonPennines54°49'44.27"N2°25'1.87"W1.60200+Onshore outcropYGHighly variableCreaney (1980)
25PlashettsPennines55°11'59.74"N2°29'37.69"W0.691Onshore outcropYGc. 34–40 mBurnett (1987)
26SelsidePennines54° 9'6.58"N2°19'28.94"W1.7812BoreholeYGc. 100–300 mCreaney (1982)
27Tan HillPennines54°27'20.08"N2°09'42.91"W0.841Mine seam/spoilYGc. 20–73 mThis study
28Rowlands GillNorthumberland54°59'45.21"N1°45'15.84"W1.261Provided by BGSCMc. 50–95 mArmstroff (2004)
29BerwickNorthumberland55°44'29.42"N2° 2'33.58"W0.504Onshore outcropYGn.g.Burnett (1987)
30EllingtonNorthumberland55°12'24.45"N1°41'55.73"W0.69n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 130 mBCURA (2002, appendix 20A)
31BatesNorthumberland55° 9'7.84"N1°32'15.56"W0.672Mine seam/spoilCMc. 225 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
32Crofton MillpitNorthumberland55° 6'13.35"N1°30'14.38"W0.652Mine seam/spoilCMc. 170 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
33East WalbottleNorthumberland55° 3'23.65"N1°41'3.50"W0.692Mine seam/spoilCMc. 120 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
34WeetsladeNorthumberland55° 2'49.09"N1°36'5.30"W0.722Mine seam/spoilCMc. 350 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
35North WalbottleNorthumberland55° 0'26.76"N1°43'7.39"W0.732Mine seam/spoilCMc. 120 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
36Rising SunNorthumberland55° 0'41.19"N1°32'1.10"W0.802Mine seam/spoilCMc. 235 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
37HowickNorthumberland55°27'0.42"N1°35'30.57"W0.814Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.Asuen & Onyeobi (2013)
38LittlehaughtonNorthumberland55°26'33.25"N1°36'7.37"W0.6517Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.Asuen & Onyeobi (2013)
39AlnwickNorthumberland55°24'56.47"N1°44'30.57"W1.611Onshore outcropYGn.g.Burnett (1987)
40ThrockleyNorthumberland54°56'10.42"N1°46'59.62"W0.881Provided by BGSCMc. 120–260 mArmstroff (2004)
41SeahamDurham54°48'53.16"N1°19'36.97"W0.71n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 400 mBCURA (2002, appendix 11A)
42GreensideDurham54°55'40.84"N1°46'50.11"W0.812Mine seam/spoilCMc. 50–150 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
43LeasingthorneDurham54°40'1.03"N1°36'35.89"W0.841Onshore outcropCG, CMc. 125 mCloke et al. (1997)
44WashingtonDurham54°54'39.36"N1°31'43.12"W0.902Mine seam/spoilCMc. 220 mAsuen & Onyeobi (2013)
45CanonbieCanonbie55° 3'51.64"N3° 1'24.94"W0.848BoreholeCMc. 200–800 mNew Age Exploration (2014)
46RowanburnCanonbie55°05'08.45"N2°55'49.88"W0.581Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.This study
47KeekleCumberland54°34'52.49"N3°29'25.68"W0.853Provided by BGSCMc. 32–64 mArmstroff (2004)
48Potato PotCumberland54°35'35.81"N3°29'56.40"W0.813Provided by BGSCMc. 25–78 mArmstroff (2004)
49DistingtonCumberland54°35'51.47"N3°32'12.55"W0.746Provided by BGSCMc. 12–110 mArmstroff (2004)
50DearhamCumberland54°42'18.40"N3°27'3.23"W0.782Provided by BGSCMc. 44–56 mArmstroff (2004)
51KellingleyYorkshire53°42'28.55"N1° 7'40.95"W0.68n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 525 mBCURA (2002, appendix 13A)
52CortonwoodYorkshire53°30'13.94"N1°22'41.21"W1.03n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 525 mBCURA (2002, appendix 7A)
53Gascoigne WoodYorkshire53°46'48.89"N1°12'12.24"W0.72n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 400 mBCURA (2002, appendix 16A)
54Markham MainYorkshire53°32'32.08"N1° 4'4.57"W0.50n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 400 mBCURA (2002, appendix 29A)
55HepworthYorkshire53°33'23.84"N1°45'6.40"W0.601Mine seam/spoilCMc. 11–22 mPearson & Russell (2000)
56Kirk SmeatonYorkshire53°37'36.48"N1°13'37.75"W0.6514BoreholeCMc. 10–900 mAndrews (2013)
57CalowDerbyshire53°13'57.90"N1°23'11.13"W0.881BoreholeCMc. 186–342 mPearson & Russell (2000)
58CreswellDerbyshire53°16'1.29"N1°12'26.89"W0.86n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 30 mBCURA (2002, appendix 9A)
59NadinsDerbyshire52°47'35.86"N1°34'15.86"W0.44n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 0–46 mBCURA (2002, appendix 35A)
60Lower House 1Derbyshire53°22'6.49"N2°0'43.85"W0.637BoreholeCMc. 150 mDECC (2013)
61Lower House 2Derbyshire53°22'6.49"N2°0'43.85"W0.706BoreholeCMc. 150–250 mDECC (2013)
62GainsboroughNottinghamshire53°22'1.69"N0°48'13.59"W0.7311BoreholeCMc. 762–1401 mPearson & Russell (2000)
63BentinckNottinghamshire53°4'54.27"N1°17'9.93"W0.67n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 112 mBCURA (2002, appendix 23A)
64ThoresbyNottinghamshire53°12'2.51"N1°2'38.32"W0.70n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 440 mBCURA (2002, appendix 12A/18A)
65WelbeckNottinghamshire53°13'55.23"N1°7'31.38"W0.741Onshore outcropCMUp to 634 mCloke et al. (1997)
66OllertonNottinghamshire53°11'57.05"N1°0'59.91"W0.68n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 440 mBCURA (2002, appendix 22A)
67AnnesleyNottinghamshire53°4'44.92"N1°17'4.37"W0.71n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 112 mBCURA (2002, appendix 21A)
68TuptonNottinghamshire53°1'15.75"N1°16'36.26"W0.49n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 25–90 mDurucan et al. (2009)
69GedlingNottinghamshire52°58'52.59"N1°4'9.09"W0.54n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 270 mBCURA (2002, appendix 30A)
70Up HollandLancashire53°32'14.99"N2°44'15.77"W0.832BoreholeCMc. 45–292 mPearson & Russell (2000)
71SkelmersdaleLancashire53°32'22.33"N2°48'3.96"W0.582BoreholeCMc. 520–1554 mPearson & Russell (2000)
72KnutsfordCheshire53°18'44.51"N2°22'29.04"W1.302BoreholeCMc. 2890–3045 mPearson & Russell (2000)
73Ince MarshesCheshire53°17'12.11"N2°46'15.46"W0.704BoreholeCMc. 0–500 mAndrews (2013)
74Point of AyrNorth Wales53°14'22.10"N3°12'55.45"W0.72n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 197 mBCURA (2002, appendix 8A)
75AngleseyNorth Wales53°12'9.11"N4°20'48.59"W0.711Onshore outcropCMc. 40 mDuncan et al. (1998)
76WrexhamNorth Wales53°04'23.37"N3°3'13.41"W0.651Onshore outcropCMn.g.This study
77Lea HallStaffordshire52°45'32.57"N1°55'23.11"W0.56n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 396 mBCURA (2002, appendix 32A)
78Hem HeathStaffordshire52°59'10.17"N2°10'3.74"W0.76n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 345 mBCURA (2002, appendix 14A)
79LittletonStaffordshire52°42'38.59"N2°2'44.28"W0.72n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 183 mBCURA (2002, appendix 27A)
80BaggeridgeStaffordshire52°32'15.22"N2°8'40.44"W0.552BoreholeCMc. 620 mDECC (2013)
81HanwoodShropshire52°40'45.65"N2°50'08.37"W0.521Onshore outcropCMc. 142–275 mThis study
82AsfordbyLeicestershire52°46'29.57"N0°56'25.22"W0.48n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 460 mBCURA (2002, appendix 28A)
83Daw MillWarwickshire52°30'33.06"N1°37'8.46"W0.60n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 500 mBCURA (2002, appendix 31A)
84BaddesleyWarwickshire52°35'7.26"N1°35'44.24"W0.55n.g.Mine seam/spoilWG, CMc. 420 mBCURA (2002, appendix 34A)
85Steeple AstonOxfordshire51°55'25.68"N1°19'0.75"W0.7012BoreholeWG, CMc. 300–400 mDECC (2013)
86WithycombeOxfordshire51°59'58.32"N1°26'8.86"W0.6811BoreholeCMc. 500–850 mDECC (2013)
87Forest of DeanForest of Dean51°45'27.63"N2°36'59.42"W0.803BoreholeCMc. 50–220 mDECC (2013)
88WyllieSouth Wales51°36'37.36"N3°11'31.40"W1.1415Mine seam/spoilCMc. 190 mGayer & Fowler (1997)
89LlanilidSouth Wales51°31'31.79"N3°27'36.66"W1.0750Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.Gayer & Fowler (1997)
90TowerSouth Wales51°44'27.95"N3°36'52.84"W2.28n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 165 mDurucan et al. (2009)
91SelarSouth Wales51°44'16.87"N3°37'23.20"W2.41n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMn.g.Durucan et al. (2009)
92CwmbargoedSouth Wales51°44'20.62"N3°19'40.60"W1.06n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 650 mBCURA (2002, appendix 6A)
93CynheidreSouth Wales51°44'46.37"N4°10'31.10"W3.29n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 250 mBCURA (2002, appendix 1A)
94Taff MerthyrSouth Wales51°41'14.97"N3°16'55.54"W1.87n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 192 mBCURA (2002, appendix 2A)
95Deep NavigationSouth Wales51°39'32.15"N3°15'51.73"W1.98n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 650 mBCURA (2002, appendix 4A)
96CwmSouth Wales51°45'36.82"N3°11'2.04"W1.37n.g.Mine seam/spoilCMc. 686 mBCURA (2002, appendix 5A)
97HafodyrynysSouth Wales51°40'54.82"N3°5'53.07"W0.861Mine seam/spoilCMc. 25 mSmith (1996)
98PembrokeSouth Wales51°42'35.44"N4°41'37.32"W2.131Mine seam/spoilCMc. 146–183 mThis study
99CattybrookBristol51°29'21.28"N2°27'28.18"W0.871Onshore outcropCMc. 22–27 mSmith (1996)
100Midsomer NortonBristol51°17'44.77"N2°29'51.45"W1.061Mine seam/spoilCMc. 184–502 mThis study
101TilmanstoneKent51°12'34.99"N1°16'17.26"E1.55n.g.Mine seam/spoilWG, CMc. 650 mBCURA (2002, appendix 3A)
102BarfrestonKent51°12'0.99"N1°14'1.94"E1.356BoreholeWG, CMc. 400–800 mDECC (2013)
103SnowdownKent51°12'54.83"N1°12'55.32"E1.303BoreholeWG, CMc. 450–700 mDECC (2013)

Lat., latitude; Long., longitude; R0, mean vitrinite reflectance; n, number of analyses; Inferred Fm, inferred host formation; CM, Coal Measures (Upper, Middle, Lower); WG, Warwickshire Group; CG, Clackmannan Group; LCG, Limestone Coal Group; LCF, Lower Limestone Formation; YG, Yoredale Group; n.g., number of analyses not given or not deciphered from source. Depths given estimated based on seam stratigraphy, shaft excavation depth or borehole data (where available).